The experimental Station is located at Xylotymbou within the area of the British bases at Dhekelia in the place where formerly the Xylotymbou Nursery was. It occupies an area of about 100 decares. The soils are ranging from shallow red, heavy and calcareous.
The station initiated its operations in 1998 with the settling of the first experiment assessing citrus rootstocks infected with citrus tristeza virus.
The old buildings were repaired, the electricity and water supply was completed as well as the fencing of the station. Additionally, at the site located near the entrance of the station several shrubs such as laurels, stercoulias, carob trees, cypresses, pines and others were planted that constitute today a nice landscape. A collection of almonds from Cyprus clones and/or varieties is also planted.
Experimental work at Xylotymbou Experimental Station
- Evaluation of citrus rootstocks for tolerance to citrus tristeza virus (CTV).
- The following citrus rootstocks are being evaluated for their tolerance to CTV at Xylotymbou Experimental Station: Carrizo citrange, Citrumelo, Volkameriana lemon, Gou Tou, Cleopatra mandarin and Sour Orange. All trees were grafted with the variety Washington navel sweet orange, whereas half of them inoculated by blind bark inoculation with the local citrus tristeza virus local isolate 89-197.
- Evaluation of potato varieties.
- Genetic improvement of varieties of barley.
- Genetic improvement of varieties of wheat.
- Genetic improvement of varieties of clover.
- Rotation experiments.
Experiments were conducted in the past concerning potato seed production from in vitro cultivation.