Republic of Cyprus

Genetically Modified Organisms




Genetically Modified Organisms

Genetic modification is a relatively new process, which takes place in scientific laboratories and involves human intervention on the genetic code, i.e. changes in the DNA. Intervention consists either of adding or removing genes. A genetically modified organism (GMO), is an organism (plant or animal) that has undergone a modification of its original genetic characteristics by adding, removing or replacing at least one gene.

Through genetic modification, the direct introduction of desired traits in an organism is achieved without the natural reproduction process, i.e. the transfer of genes between organisms is permitted even if they are not considered relatives evolutionarily.

The revolution that came with the rapid development of biotechnology and genetic engineering by creating genetically modified organisms and their use for the manufacture of products for consumption, is a focus of international discussions, creating fanatically opposed camps, arguing in favour or against the use of such organisms or their products.

Generally, in medical and agricultural applications, genetic engineering has achieved very significant results. At the same time, however, there are big dilemmas and concerns about potential risks.

Concern exists when genetically modified organisms are released in an uncontrolled environment. The interaction of GMOs with other complex biological systems, such as the human body or natural ecosystems cannot, in many cases, be foreseen or examined fully, without a proper management plan taking into account all the environmental release data.

Useful Links:

Geneticaly Modifyed Organisms

EU- Food Safety

Department of Agriculture

Agrobiotechnology

Ministry of Health -Food Safety Sector



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Last Modified at: 19/06/2019 02:33:28 PM
 
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